Intrauterine devices are small T shaped devices that are inserted by a physician into a women’s uterus. IUDs are over 99% effect at preventing pregnancy.There are 4 different types of IUDs available at our office.
The Mirena is made of plastic and contains 52 mg of levonorgestrel, which is a synthetic version of the natural hormone called progesterone. The Mirena is FDA approved to last for 5 years, but can be removed anytime. The most common side effects women experience are irregular bleeding and mood changes. Many women find that their periods become much lighter or even stop over time, and the Mirena is also approved for use in women with painful periods or heavy periods.
The Kyleena is very similar to the Mirena but is slightly smaller and has a slightly lower dose of levonorgestrel, 19.5 mg compared to the Mirena’s 52 mg. The Kyleena is also approved for up to 5 years. This is a great option for women who know they don’t want to become pregnant anytime soon, but who want the lowest possible dose of hormones.
The Skyla is the smallest IUD, and was made with women who have never had children in mind. It contains only 13.5 mg of levonorgestrel and is approved to last for 3 years.
The Paragard IUD is made out of copper, has no hormones at all, and is approved to last up to 10 years. The most common side effect is that a woman’s periods may become heavier or longer. The Paragard is a wonderful option for women who want to prevent pregnancy for many years, or who prefer to not use hormonal methods of birth control or are unable to use hormones due to a medical problem.
IUD placement can cause some cramping and discomfort at the time of placement and for a few days afterwards. Serious risks include expulsion or migration, which means the IUD could fall out or migrate into the abdominal cavity and ectopic pregnancy, or a pregnancy in your tube. These risks are very rare, and we have sonographers on site who can perform an ultrasound immediately if there are any concerns.
All of our physicians are experienced and skilled at placing each type of IUD and can help you decide which one is right for you. We have the devices in stock at the office at all times, unlike other offices where they must be ordered through your insurance, causing a long delay in getting one placed.
Most insurances cover IUDs. We can help you determine what devices are covered. If you have more questions or are interested in scheduling an appointment to learn more, please give us a call! If you had an IUD placed another facility and are concerned that is has moved or is not working properly we can easily do an exam and ultrasound at the time of your appointment to determine if your IUD is placed correctly.
IUDs do not protect against sexually transmitted infections, so condoms are still a great way to add double protection!